Spring, 31 A.D.
At the ninth
hour, On the day before the Sabbath,
Jesus called the
He hung on a
Roman cross at the place of
execution outside Jerusalem's city
wall. He was
This is the
amazing story of the crucifixion
of the Son of the
Jesus the Christ
He was taken from prison and from
He was cut off out of the land of the
living ...the Lord
hath laid on him the iniquity of us
all. Isaiah 53
to bring salvation within the reach of all. His mission
was to sinners of every grade, of every tongue and nation.
erring, the most sinful, were not passed by. His great
heart of love was stirred to its depths for the one whose condition
was most hopeless and who most needed his transforming grace.
Sin is the most fearful thing
in the whole universe. So fearful is it that it could be pardoned only by
the sacrifice of the Son of the infinite God. If unpardoned, it must be
followed by eternal death.
vast multitude followed Jesus from the judgment hall to Calvary. The
news of His condemnation had spread throughout Jerusalem, and people
of all classes and all ranks flocked toward the place of
1 - Carrying the Cross
Jesus passed the gate of Pilate's court, the cross which had been
prepared for Barabbas was laid upon His bruised and bleeding
shoulders. Two companions of Barabbas were to suffer death at the
same time with Jesus, and upon them also crosses were placed.
The Savior's burden was too heavy for Him in His weak and suffering
condition. Since the Passover supper with His disciples, He had
taken neither food nor drink.
had agonized in the garden of Gethsemane in conflict with satanic
agencies. He had endured the anguish of the betrayal, and had seen
His disciples forsake Him and flee.
had been taken to Annas, then to Caiaphas, and then to Pilate. From
Pilate He had been sent to Herod, then sent again to Pilate. From
insult to renewed insult, from mockery to mockery, twice tortured by
the scourge, - all that night there had been scene after scene of a
character to try the soul of man to the uttermost.
Christ had not failed. He had spoken no word but that tended to
glorify God. All through the disgraceful farce of a trial He had
borne Himself with firmness and dignity. But when after the second
scourging the cross was laid upon Him, human nature could bear on
more. He fell fainting beneath the burden.
2 - Simon of Cyrene
The crowd that followed the Savior saw His weak and staggering
steps, but they manifested no compassion. They taunted and reviled
Him because He could not carry the heavy cross. Again the burden was
laid upon Him, and again He fell fainting to the ground.
His persecutors saw that it was impossible for Him to carry His
burden farther. They were puzzled to find anyone who would bear the
humiliating load. The Jews themselves could not do this, because the
defilement would prevent them from keeping the Passover. None even
of the mob that followed Him would stoop to bear the cross.
this time a stranger, Simon a Cyrenian, coming in from the country,
meets the throng. He hears the taunts and ribaldry of the crowd; he
hears the words contemptuously repeated. Make way for the King of
the Jews! He stops in astonishment at the scene; and as he expresses
his compassion, they seize him and place the cross upon his
Simon had heard of Jesus. His sons were believers in the Savior, but
he himself was not a disciple. The bearing of the cross to Calvary
was a blessing to Simon, and he was ever after grateful for this
providence. It led him to take upon himself the cross of Christ from
choice, and ever cheerfully stand beneath its burden.
3 - Place of Execution
Arriving at the place of execution, the prisoners were bound to the
instruments of torture. The two thieves wrestled in the hands of
those who placed them on the cross; but Jesus made no resistance.
The mother of Jesus, supported by John the beloved disciple, had
followed the steps of her Son to Calvary. She had seen Him fainting
under the burden of the cross, and had longed to place a supporting
hand beneath His wounded head, and to bathe that brow which had once
been pillowed upon her bosom.
the thieves were bound to the crosses, she looked on with agonizing
suspense. Would He who had given life to the dead suffer Himself to
be crucified? Would the Son of God suffer Himself to be thus cruelly
She saw His hands stretched upon the cross; the hammer and the nails
were brought, and as the spikes were driven through the tender
flesh, the heart-stricken disciples bore away from the cruel scene
the fainting form of the mother of Jesus.
4 - "Forgive them"
The Savior made no murmur of complaint. His face remained calm and
serene, but great drops of sweat stood upon His brow. There was no
pitying hand to wipe the death dew from His face, nor words of
sympathy and unchanging fidelity to stay His human heart.
While soldiers were doing their fearful work, Jesus prayed for His
enemies, "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." His
mind passed from His own suffering to the sin of His persecutors,
and the terrible retribution that would be theirs.
curses were called down upon the soldiers who were handling Him so
roughly. No vengeance was invoked upon the priests and rulers, who
were gloating over the accomplishment of their purpose. Christ
pitied them in their ignorance and guilt. He breathed only a plea
for their forgiveness, - "for they know not what they do."
Had they known that they were putting to torture One who had come to
save the sinful race from eternal ruin, they would have been seized
with remorse and horror. But their ignorance did not remove their
guilt; for it was their privilege to know and accept Jesus as their
Savior. Some of them would yet see their sin, and repent, and be
converted. Some by their impenitence would make it an impossibility
for the prayer of Christ to be answered for them. Yet, just the
same, God's purpose was reaching its fulfillment. Jesus was earning
the right to become the advocate of men in the Father's presence.
The prayer of Christ for His enemies embraced the world, it took in
every sinner that had lived or should live, from the beginning of
the world to the end of time. Upon all rests the guilt of crucifying
the Son of God. To all, forgiveness is freely offered. "Whosoever
will" may have peace with God, and inherit eternal life.
5 - Pilate's Inscription
soon as Jesus was nailed to the cross, it was lifted by strong men,
and with great violence thrust into the place prepared for it. This
caused the most intense agony to the Son of God.
Pilate then wrote an inscription in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, and
placed it upon the cross, above the head of Jesus. It read, "Jesus
of Nazareth the King of the Jews." This inscription irritated the
Jews. In Pilate's court they had cried, "Crucify Him."
"We have no
king but Caesar." John 19:15.
They had declared that whoever should acknowledge any other king was
Pilate wrote out the sentiment they had expressed. No offense was
mentioned, except that Jesus was the King of the Jews. The
inscription was a virtual acknowledgement of the allegiance of the
Jews to the Roman power. It declared that whoever might claim to be
the King of Israel would be judged by them worthy of death.
The priests had overreached themselves. When they were plotting the
death of Christ, Caiaphas had declared it expedient that one man
should die to save the nation. Now their hypocrisy was revealed. In
order to destroy Christ, they had been ready to sacrifice even their
The priests saw what they had done, and asked Pilate to change the
inscription. They said, "Write not, The King of the Jews; but that
He said, I am King of the Jews." But Pilate was angry with himself
because of his former weakness, and he thoroughly despised the
jealous and artful priests and rulers. He replied coldly, "What I
have written I have written."
higher power than Pilate or the Jews had directed the placing of
that inscription above the head of Jesus. In the providence of God
it was to awaken thought, and investigation of the Scriptures. The
place where Christ was crucified was near to the city. Thousands of
people from all lands were then at Jerusalem, and the inscription
declaring Jesus of Nazareth the Messiah would come to their notice.
It was a living truth, transcribed by a hand that God had guided.
6 - Stupefying Potion
those who suffered death by the cross, it was permitted to give a
stupefying potion, to deaden the sense of pain. This was offered to
Jesus; but when He had tasted it, He refused it. He would receive
nothing that could becloud His mind. His faith must keep fast hold
upon God. This was His only strength. To becloud the senses would
give Satan an advantage.
7 - Satanic Frenzy
The enemies of Jesus vented their rage upon Him as He hung upon the
cross. Priests, rulers and scribes joined with the mob in mocking
the dying Savior. At the baptism and at the transfiguration,
the voice of God had been heard proclaiming Christ as His Son.
Again, just before Christ's betrayal, the father had spoken,
witnessing to His divinity. But now the voice from heaven was
silent. No testimony in Christ's favor was heard.
Alone He suffered abuse and mockery from wicked men. "If Thou be the
Son of God," they said, "Let Him save Himself, if He be Christ, the
chosen of God." In the wilderness of temptation Satan had declared,
"If Thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made
bread." "If Thou be the Son of God, cast Thyself down" from the
pinnacle of the temple. Matthew 4:3,6.
And Satan with his angels, in human form, was present at the cross.
The archfiend and his hosts were cooperating with the priests and
rulers. The teachers of the people had stimulated the ignorant mob
to pronounce judgment against One upon whom many of them had never
looked, until urged to bear testimony against Him. Priests, rulers,
Pharisees, and the hardened rabble were confederated together in a
satanic frenzy. Religious rulers united with Satan and his angels.
They were doing his bidding.
8 - Hope of Pardon
Jesus, suffering and dying, heard every word as the priests
declared, "He saved others; Himself He cannot save. Let Christ the
King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and
believe." Christ could have come down from the cross. But it is
because He would not save Himself that the sinner has hope of pardon
and favor with God.
9 - The Penitent Thief
Jesus in His agony on the cross there come one gleam of comfort. It
was the prayer of the penitent thief. Both the men who were
crucified with Jesus had at first railed upon Him; and one under
suffering only became more desperate and defiant. But not so with
This man was not a hardened criminal; he had been led astray by evil
associations, but he was less guilty than many of those who stood
beside the cross reviling the Savior. He had seen and heard Jesus,
and had been convicted by His teaching, but he had been turned away
from Him by the priests and rulers. Seeking to stifle conviction, he
had plunged deeper and deeper into sin, until he was arrested, tried
as a criminal, and condemned to die on the cross.
the judgment hall and on the way to Calvary he had been in company
with Jesus. He had heard Pilate declare, "I find no fault in Him."
John 19:4. He had marked His godlike bearing, and His pitying
forgiveness of His tormentors. On the cross he sees the many great
religionists shoot out the tongue with scorn, and ridicule the Lord
Jesus. He sees the wagging heads. He hears the upbraiding speeches
taken up by his companion in guilt: "If Thou be Christ, save Thyself
and us." Among the passersby he hears many defending Jesus. He hears
them repeat His words, and tell of His works.
10 – Conviction
The conviction comes back to him that this is the Christ. Turning to
his fellow criminal he says, "Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou
art in the same condemnation?"
The dying thieves have no longer anything to fear from man. But upon
one of them presses the conviction that there is a God to fear, a
future to cause him to tremble. And now, all sin-polluted as it is,
his life history is about to close. "And we indeed justly," he
moans; "for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this Man
hath done nothing amiss."
There is no question now. There are no doubts, no reproaches. When
condemned for his crime, the thief had become hopeless and
despairing; but strange, tender thoughts now spring up. He calls to
mind all he has heard of Jesus, how He has healed the sick and
pardoned sin. He has heard the words of those who believed in Jesus
and followed Him weeping. He has seen and read the title above the
Savior's head. He has heard the passers-by repeat it, some with
grieved and quivering lips, others with jesting and mockery. The
Holy Spirit illuminates his mind, and little by little the chain of
evidence is joined together. In Jesus, bruised, mocked, and hanging
upon the cross, he sees the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of
11 - "Remember Me"
Hope is mingled with anguish in his voice as the helpless, dying
soul casts himself upon a dying Savior. "Lord, remember me," he
cries, "when you come into your kingdom." Quickly the answer came.
Soft and melodious the tone, full of love, compassion, and power the
words: Verily I say unto thee today, Thou shalt be with Me in
The bystanders caught the words as the thief called Jesus Lord. The
tone of the repentant man arrested their attention. Those who at the
foot of the cross had been quarreling over Christ's garments, and
casting lots upon Christ's vesture, stopped to listen. Their angry
tones were hushed. With bated breath they looked upon Christ, and
waited for the response from those dying lips.
He spoke the words of promise, the dark cloud that seemed to
enshroud the cross was pierced by a bright and living light. To the
penitent thief came the perfect peace of acceptance with God. Christ
in His humiliation was glorified. He who in all other eyes appeared
to be conquered was a Conqueror. He was acknowledged as the Sin
Bearer. Men may exercise power over His human body. They may pierce
the holy temple with the crown of thorns. They may strip from Him
His raiment, and quarrel over its division. But they cannot rob Him
of His power to forgive sins. In dying He bears testimony to His own
divinity and to the glory of the Father. His ear is not heavy that
it cannot hear, neither His arm shortened that it cannot save. It is
His royal right to save unto the uttermost all who come unto God by
say unto thee today, Thou shalt be with Me in Paradise. Christ did
not promise that the thief should be with Him in Paradise that day.
He Himself did not go that day to Paradise. He slept in the tomb,
and on the morning of the resurrection He said, "I am not yet
ascended to My Father." John 20:17. But on the day of the
crucifixion, the day of apparent defeat and darkness, the promise
was given. "Today" while dying upon the cross as a malefactor,
Christ assures the poor sinner, Thou shalt be with Me in Paradise.
12 - Between Thieves
The thieves crucified with Jesus were placed "on either side one,
and Jesus in the midst." This was done by the direction of the
priests and rulers. Christ's position between the thieves was to
indicate that He was the greatest criminal of the three. Thus was
fulfilled the scripture. "He was numbered with the transgressors."
But the full meaning of their act the priests did not see. As Jesus,
crucified with the thieves, was placed "in the midst," so His cross
was placed in the midst of a world lying in sin. And the words of
pardon spoken to the penitent thief kindled a light that will shine
to the earth's remotest bounds.
13 - His Mother
the eyes of Jesus wandered over the multitude about Him, one figure
arrested His attention.
the foot of the cross stood His mother, supported by the disciple
John. She could not endure to remain away from her Son; and John,
knowing that the end was near, had brought her again to the cross.
His dying hour, Christ remembered His mother. Looking into her
grief-stricken face and then upon John, He said to her "Women, behold
thy son!" then to John, "Behold thy mother!" John understood
Christ's words, and accepted the trust. He at once took Mary to his
home, and from that hour cared for her tenderly. O pitiful, loving
Savior; amid all His physical pain and mental anguish, He had a
thoughtful care for His mother.
14 - Our Substitute
And now the Lord of glory was dying, a ransom for the race. In
yielding up His precious life, Christ was not upheld by triumphant
joy. All was oppressive gloom. It was not the dread of death that
weighed upon Him. It was not the pain and ignominy of the cross that
caused His inexpressible agony.
Christ was the prince of sufferers; but His suffering was from a
sense of the malignity of sin, a knowledge that through familiarity
with evil, man had become blinded to its enormity. Christ saw how
deep is the hold of sin upon the human heart, how few would be
willing to break from its power. He knew that without help from God,
humanity must perish, and He saw multitudes perishing within reach
of abundant help.
Upon Christ as our substitute and surety was laid the iniquity of us
all. He was counted a transgressor, that He might redeem us from the
condemnation of the law. The guilt of every descendant of Adam was
pressing upon His heart. The wrath of God against sin, the terrible
manifestation of iniquity, filled the soul of His Son with
15 - Supreme Anguish
All His life Christ had been publishing to a fallen world the good
news of the Father's mercy and pardoning love. Salvation for the
chief of sinners was His theme. But now with the terrible weight of
guilt He bears, He cannot see the Father's reconciling face. The
withdrawal of the divine countenance from the Savior in this hour of
supreme anguish pierced His heart with a sorrow that can never be
fully understood by man.
great was this agony that His physical pain was hardly felt. Satan
with his fierce temptations wrung the heart of Jesus. The Savior
could not see through the portals of the tomb. Hope did not present
to Him His coming forth from the grave a conqueror, or tell Him of
the father's acceptance of the sacrifice. He feared that sin was so
offensive to God that Their separation was to be eternal.
Christ felt the anguish which the sinner will feel when mercy shall
no longer plead for the guilty race. It was the sense of sin,
bringing the Father's wrath upon Him as man's substitute, that made
the cup He drank so bitter, and broke the heart of the Son of God.
16 - Nature's Protest
With amazement angels witnessed the Savior's despairing agony. The
hosts of heaven veiled their faces from the fearful sight.
Inanimate nature expressed sympathy with its insulted and dying
Author. The sun refused to look upon the awful scene. Its full,
bright rays were illuminating the earth at midday, when suddenly it
seemed to be blotted out. Complete darkness, like a funeral pall,
enveloped the cross. "Their was darkness over all the land unto the
ninth hour." There was no eclipse or other natural cause for this
darkness, which was as deep as midnight without moon or stars. It
was a miraculous testimony given by God that the faith of after
generations might be confirmed.
17 - Dark Silence
the thick darkness, God veiled the last human agony of His Son. All
who had seen Christ in His suffering had been convicted of His
divinity. That face, once beheld by humanity, was never forgotten.
As the face of Cain expressed his guilt as a murderer, so the face
of Christ revealed innocence, serenity, benevolence, - the image of
God. But His accusers would not give heed to the signet of heaven.
Through long hours of agony Christ had been gazed upon by the
jeering multitude. Now He was mercifully hidden by the mantle of
The silence of the grave seemed to have fallen upon Calvary. A
nameless terror held the throng that was gathered about the cross.
The cursing and reviling ceased in the midst of half-uttered
sentences. Men, women, and children fell prostrate upon the earth.
Vivid lightnings occasionally
flashed forth from the cloud, and revealed the cross and the
Priests, rulers, scribes, executioners, and the mob, all thought
that their time of retribution had come. After a while some
whispered that Jesus would now come down from the cross. Some
attempted to grope their way back to the city, beating their breasts
and wailing in fear.
18 - The Ninth Hour
the ninth hour the darkness lifted from the people, but still
enveloped the Savior. It was a symbol of the agony and horror that
weighed upon His heart. No eye could pierce the gloom that
surrounded the cross, and none could penetrate the deeper gloom that
enshrouded the suffering soul of Christ. The angry lightnings seemed
to be hurled at Him as He hung upon the cross.
Then “Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama
sabachthani?” “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” As the
outer gloom settled about the Savior, many voices exclaimed: The
vengeance of heaven is upon Him. The bolts of God’s wrath are hurled
at Him, because He claimed to be the Son of God. Many who believed
on Him heard His despairing cry. Hope left them. If God had forsaken
Jesus, in what could His followers trust?
When the darkness lifted from the oppressed spirit of Christ, He
revived to a sense of physical suffering, and said, “I thirst.” One
of the Roman soldiers, touched with pity as he looked at the parched
lips, took a sponge on a stalk of hyssop, and dipping it in a vessel
of vinegar, offered it to Jesus.
But the priests mocked at His agony. When darkness covered the
earth, they had been filled with fear; as their terror abated, the
dread returned that Jesus would yet escape them. His words, “Eloi,
Eloi, lama sabachthani?” they had misinterpreted. With bitter
contempt and scorn they said, “This man calleth for Elias.” The last
opportunity to relieve His suffering they refused. “Let be,” they
said, “let us see whether Elias will come to save Him.”
19 - I Love You
The spotless Son of God hung upon the cross, His flesh lacerated
with stripes; those hands so often reached out in blessing, nailed
to the wooden bars; those feet so tireless on ministries of love,
spiked to the tree; that royal head pierced by the crown of thorns;
those quivering lips shaped to the cry of woe. And all that He
endured - the blood drops that flowed from His head, His hands, His
feet, the agony that raked His frame, and the unutterable anguish
that filled His soul at the hiding of His Father’s face - speaks to
each child of humanity, declaring, It is for thee that the Son of
God consents to bear this burden of guilt; for thee He spoils the
domain of death, and opens the gates of Paradise. He who stilled the angry waves and walked the foam-capped billows,
who make devils tremble and disease flee, who opened blind eyes and
called forth the dead to life, - offers Himself upon the cross as a
sacrifice, and this from love to thee. He the Sin Bearer, endures
the wrath of divine justice, and for thy sake becomes sin itself.
20 - “It Is Finished”
Suddenly the gloom lifted from the cross, and in clear, trumpet like
tones, that seemed to resound throughout creation, Jesus cried, “It
is finished.” “Father, into Thy hands I commend My spirit.”
light encircled the cross, and the face of the Savior shone with a
glory like the sun. He then bowed His head upon His breast, and
Amid the awful darkness, apparently forsaken of God, Christ had
drained the last dregs in the cup of human woe. In those dreadful
hours He had relied upon the evidence of His Father’s acceptance
heretofore given Him. He was acquainted with the character of His
Father; He understood His justice, His mercy, and His great love.
By faith He rested in Him whom it had ever been His joy to obey. And
as in submission He committed Himself to God, the sense of the loss
of His Father’s favor was withdrawn.
faith, Christ was victor.
21 - Violent Aftermath
Never before had the earth witnessed such a scene. The multitude
stood paralyzed, and with bated breath gazed upon the Savior.
Again darkness settled upon the earth, and a hoarse rumbling, like
heavy thunder, was heard.
There was a violent earthquake. The people were shaken together in
heaps. The wildest confusion and consternation ensued. In the
surrounding mountains, rocks were rent asunder, and went crashing
down into the plains. Sepulchers were broken open, and the dead were
cast out of their tombs.
Creation seemed to be shivering to atoms. Priests rulers, soldiers,
executioners, and people, mute with terror, lay prostate upon the
22 - An Unseen Hand
When the loud cry, “It is finished,” came from the lips of Christ,
the priests were officiating in the temple. It was the hour of the
evening sacrifice. The lamb representing Christ had been brought to
be slain. Clothed in his significant and beautiful dress, the priest
stood with lifted knife, as did Abraham when he was about to slay
his son. With intense interest the people were looking on.
But the earth trembles and quakes; for the Lord Himself draws near.
With a rending noise the inner veil of the temple is torn from top
to bottom by an unseen hand, throwing open to the gaze of the
multitude a place once filled with the presence of God. In this
place the Shekinah had dwelt. Here God had manifested His glory
above the mercy seat. No one but the high priest ever lifted the
veil separating this apartment from the rest of the temple. He
entered in once a year to make an atonement for the sins of the
But lo, this veil is rent in twain. The most holy place of the
earthly sanctuary is no longer sacred.
All is terror and confusion. The priest is about to slay the victim;
but the knife drops from his nerveless hand, and the lamb escapes.
Type has met antitype in the death of God’s Son. The great sacrifice
has been made. The way into the holiest is laid open.
23 - By His Own Blood
new and living way is prepared for all. No longer need sinful,
sorrowing humanity await the coming of the high priest. Henceforth
the Savior was to officiate as priest and advocate in the heaven of
heavens. It was as if a living voice had spoken to the worshipers:
There is now an end to all sacrifices and offerings for sin.
The Son of God is come according to His word, “Lo, I come (in the
volume of the Book it is written of Me,) to do Thy will, O God.” “By
His own blood” He entereth “in once into the holy place, having
obtained eternal redemption for us.” Hebrews 10:7; 9:12.